Breed Spotlight: Pug
Once the mischievous companion of Chinese emperors, and later the mascot of Holland's royal House of Orange, the small but solid Pug is today adored by his millions of fans around the world. Pugs live to love and to be loved in return. The Pug's motto is the Latin phrase 'multum in parvo' (a lot in a little)' an apt description of this small but muscular breed. They come in three colors: silver or apricot-fawn with a black face mask, or all black.
The large round head, the big, sparkling eyes, and the wrinkled brow give Pugs a range of human-like expressions - surprise, happiness, curiosity - that have delighted owners for centuries. Pug owners say their breed is the ideal house dog. Pugs are happy in the city or country, with kids or old folks, as an only pet, or in a pack. They enjoy their food, and care must be taken to keep them trim. They do best in moderate climates - not too hot, not too cold - but, with proper care, Pugs can be their adorable selves anywhere.
The Pug's short, smooth, glossy coat needs minimal maintenance, but it does shed. Weekly brushing with a medium-bristle brush, a rubber grooming mitt, or a hound glove will help to remove the loose hair and help keep him looking his best. Pugs don't need to be bathed unless they happen to get into something particularly messy or start to get a doggy odor. The Pug's nails should be trimmed regularly, as overly long nails can cause him discomfort.
The Pug should do well on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian's supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog's age (puppy, adult, or senior). Pugs live to eat and are prone to obesity, so watch your dog's calorie consumption and weight level. , so watch your dog's calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog's weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Given the opportunity, a Pug will happily spend much of the day snuggling on the sofa which, combined with the breed's fondness for eating, makes obesity a real possibility. But the Pug is playful, sturdy, and lively, too, and owners can keep the breed fit with daily opportunities for moderate exercise, such as walks or play sessions in the yard. It's vital to remember that as a short-faced breed Pugs aren't tolerant of hot weather, and they shouldn't do strenuous exercise when it's warm or humid out'¿better to be in air-conditioning. Some canine sports in which Pugs participate and excel include agility, obedience, and rally.